Adjective

Adjective is a word that qualifies to noun or pronoun

  1. Quality : is an adjective that shows the quality of the thing. It is usually shown by degrees of comparison

· Positive (se…)

(S + aux.to be + as……..as + S + aux. to be)

eg. She is as beautiful as Krisdayanti

· Comparative (lebih… daripada)

(S + aux.to be + adj + er/more + adj + than S + aux. to be)

eg. He is fatter than I am

· Superlative (paling…)

(S + aux.to be + the superlative + of/in ……)

eg. Rina is the tallest girl in the class

How to form comparative and superlative degree

o Adjective having one syllable add er for comparative and est for superlative

eg. older, oldest

o Adjective having one syllable, in (stressed voice) the consonant must be doubled then add er for comparative and est for superlative

eg. hotter, bigger

o Adjective having one or two syllable by suffix e, add r for comparative and st for superlative

eg. wiser, nicer, simpler

o Adjective having one or two syllable by suffix y, it’s preceded by consonant, change y into i then add er for comparative and est for superlative

eg. drier, slier

o Adjective having more two syllable, add more for comparative and most for superlative

eg. more expensive, most beautiful

o Exception

Good, well better best

Bad, ill, evil worse worst

Many, much more most

A little less least

  1. Numeral : is an adjective that shows the number countable thing.

Kinds of adjective numeral

· Definite adjective numeral is an adjective that shows clear number

Cardinal number : zero, one, two …..

Ordinal number : first, second, third …..

Fraction : ¼ (one fourth) 2/3 (two thirds) 0, 5 (zero point five)

· Indefinite adjective numeral is an adjective that shows unclear number

The words are :

Some few a lot of great of any

Enough a few lots of planty of many several no

Multiplicative : double, triple

  1. Possessive : is a posses adjective that shows the owner in the sentence

The words are :

My your our their her his it’s + Noun

  1. Distributive : is an adjective that shows one number of thing

The words are :

Every : setiap

eg. Every body love’s Raymond

Each : masing – masing

eg. Each person has a different character

Either : salah satu dari dua

eg. I see two mice, either mouse eats my cake

If more than 2 things use one

My mother brings three fish, one of the fish (them) is grilled

Neither : tak satupun dari dua

eg. There are two books on the table, neither book is mine

If more than 2 things use none

  1. Demonstrative : is an adjective as qualifier (penunjuk/penegas pada kata benda) word to noun (ephitet adjective)

Definite

Indefinite

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

The

The

A

This

These

An

That

Those

A certain

Certain

Such

Such

Another

Other

The other

The other

This : reachable thing

That : unreachable thing

How to use article the in the sentence

· To show the thing being mentioned for the second times

· In phrase : The girl outside is my student

· To show a unique things : The sun, equator, moon

· To be use in ordinal numeral adjective : The first

· To be use in superlative degree : He is the tallest among us all

  1. Interrogative : which, what, whose

What book do you borrow from the school library?

Whose house is that beside yours?

Which color do you like?

Using of Adjective

1. Ephited adjective is an adjective that to be put always together with noun/to be placed before noun

eg. My sister often cooks delicious food

adj. N

2. Predicative adjective is an adjective that to be put auxiliary to be

eg. The man is greedy

aux. adj.

3. Complement adjective is an adjective that to be put after complement verb or objective case

Complement Verb is a verb of incomplete predication :

Look seem get turn grow sound

appear drive become run remains taste

feel make go

Linking verb : mempunyai arti yang berbeda

eg. She goes crazy : dia berubah menjadi gila

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